Light Emission Simulation

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Setfos simulate the light emission characteristics of an OLED by using the dipole emission model. Several device properties can be modeled:

  • Electroluminescence emission pattern.

  • Micro-cavity effects by thin film optics.

  • Photophysical properties such as efficiency, angular color, and brightness changes.

  • Excitonic processes in OLEDs, by combining optical and electrical simulation.

  • Waveguided and plasmonic modes, quenching, distribution, and orientation of the emitters.

 A number of scientific publications are demonstrating the potential of Setfos for OLED modeling.

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Efficiency and Emitted Color

Setfos calculates the optical parameters of an OLED by taking into account the full micro-cavity behavior. This include but it is not limited to:

  • CIE xy color coordinates.

  • Brightness (cd/m2).

  • Luminous Efficacy (Lm/W).

  • Luminous Current Efficiency (lm/A).

  • Correlated Color Temperature (CCT).

  • Color Rendering Index (CRI).

  • Reflectance, transmittance and absorbance.

Setfos graphical user interface (GUI) presents the device design and simulation results in intuitive plots.


Mode Analysis

Simulation of waveguided modes across the visible spectrum

Setfos Mode Analysis can analyze light emission through the different emission channels of an OLED. The emitted light is either escaping to the far-field or waveguided inside the OLED layers. Without outcoupling structures, only the light emitted inside the escape cone is visible to the observer.
Mode analysis simulation calculates the contribution of the different optical modes to the total emitted power:

  • Air modes escaping to the outside.

  • Substrate modes waveguided in the carrier substrate.

  • Organic modes waveguided in the organic semiconductor stack.

  • Plasmon modes coupled to the metal electrodes.

  • Non-radiative quenching losses.

Detailed analysis of optical emssion channels

Modes can be inspected across the spectrum or summarized taking into account the spectral distribution of the emitter.

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Coatings, Filters and Thin Film Optics

Simulation of A white oled stack with colour filter

An OLED design is not limited to the stack of organic semiconductors. There as also color filters and anti-reflection layers that are used to obtain a higher lighting efficiency.

Setfos calculates the color, angular variation, and polarization of the whole OLED stack including coherent optics in the microcavity and coatings incoherently coupled through the substrate.

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Emitter Profile, Optical Index, Dipole Orientation

Powerful fitting algorithms let you extract material parameters from measurement data. The optimization routines find the optimal combination of several variables.

Fitted refractive indices of an organic solar cell material
  • Determine the optical n & k values from reflectance and transmittance measurement using the Sellmeier, Tauc-Lorentz or the Cauchy model.

  • Use spectral measurements to determine the intrinsic spectrum of an emitter/host system.

  • Find the spatial distribution of the emitting molecules.

  • Determine the orientation of the emitter dipole by polarized spectroscopy or angular measurements.

  • Fit the mobility parameters from experimental current-voltage (IV) characteristics.

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Additional Modules





advanced optics

advanced optics